Eye-Movement Desensitization & Reprocessing therapy (EMDR): EMDR can transform our feelings and beliefs associated with overwhelming memories, so that we are no longer triggered by them in the present.
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT): We study how the way that we look at situations affect our feelings, behaviors, and our body. Once we are aware of the role that our thoughts are playing, we are in a better position to notice and challenge them when they get in the way.
Mindfulness: By slowing down and paying attention to the present moment, we develop the ability to focus on our experience without judgment. We become better at noticing our emotions without over-reacting or engaging in unhelpful behaviors.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT): This approach teaches us the skills to navigate challenging emotions, tolerate stress, focus on the present moment and communicate more effectively.
Polyvagal Theory: Our nervous system is constantly taking in cues from the environment to determine how safe we are. Using this model, we build self-awareness around our current state, and use effective coping strategies to return to an optimal level of functioning.
Attachment Theory: Attachment refers to the emotional bonds we form with others. Our earliest attachments with our caregivers often serve as templates, and affect how we relate to others in the world. Exploring our attachment styles in counselling can bring insight about our current behaviors.
Ego States: We all, at times, have conflicting beliefs or feelings about ourselves or our situations. This approach helps us to acknowledge, accept and connect the conflicting parts of ourselves so we can move towards our goals.